About the Breed

Frenchie puppie laying on a fluffy blanket

The French Bulldog is affectionate, uncomplicated, gentle, intelligent, sensitive, and fearless. The French Bulldog is known for its loyalty; its happy-go-lucky attitude is in sharp contrast to its sour face.

French Bulldogs are happiest by their owner’s side and will misbehave if ignored. French Bulldogs are active, alert, and playful, but not unduly boisterous.

 

Size

The French Bulldog has a shoulder height of up to 12 in and weighs 19-28 lbs. It has a wide head, round ears, and distinctive pointed ‘bat ears’ with an attentive expression. French Bulldogs have short legs and tails, rounded chests, and compact, muscular bodies. Their unique shape gives them a low center of gravity and an odd stride. The French Bulldog has the appearance of an active, intelligent, muscular dog of heavy bone, smooth coat, compact build, and medium or small structure. Expression is alert, curious, and interested.

Coat

The French Bulldog has a moderately fine, brilliant coat which is short and smooth. It can be fawn, white, or brindle, with a variety of markings which can result in a surprising diversity of appearances. The French Bulldog’s skin is soft and loose, especially at the head and shoulders, forming wrinkles.

 

Temperament

French Bulldogs enjoy mixing with other dogs and household pets. They are great with children, well behaved, adaptable, comfortable companions with an affectionate nature and even disposition. Some French Bulldogs are cautious with strangers, but most are friendly to everyone. They are likely to drool or snore.

Care

When the French Bulldog is shedding, use a rubber brush to remove dead hairs. A special lotion will occasionally need to be applied to the facial and tail folds to keep them clean; soft tooth brushing with an approved toothpaste is also recommended. The French Bulldog has a lifespan of 8-12 years. Due to its facial features, it is susceptible to breathing problems and skin infections, and many are delivered via Caesarean section because of the large head. Most French Bulldogs cannot swim and are averse to hot weather.

 

Training

Consistency is important, but the French Bulldog is highly sensitive to the tone of its handler's voice, making training a fairly simple process. It is inquisitive and quick to learn simple tasks, yet unpredictable as it is a bit stubborn on occasion.

Activity

The exercise needs of the French Bulldog are uncomplicated, but it does require daily exercise. Sufficient rest is key to development of healthy bones, muscles, and joints—do not expect your French Bulldog to run long distances or jump down from tall ledges. French Bulldogs are well suited to apartment life.